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3R: Matthew – Chapter 4

Matthew 3 / Matthew 4 / Matthew 5

A third day of writing under the effects of a cold. So the trimming and examination of ‘The Story so Far’ will have to wait (again) … I’m doing this then going for a sleep!

The Story so Far

Matthew 1

  • The genealogy
    • 14 generations from Abraham to David
    • 14 generations from David to the deportation at Babylon
    • 14 generations from the deportation to Babylon and the Messiah
  • The birth of Jesus
    • Mary is pregnant by the ‘Holy Spirit’
    • Joseph plans to separate quietly (being ‘a righteous man’) but an angel tells me it’s alright not too
    • … Mary is to have a baby and they are to name him Jesus
      • ‘for he will save people from their sins’ (v21)
      • … and fulfill a prophecy (v23)
        • Which means: ‘God is with us’
    • Joseph does what the angel commands
      • including having no sexual relations with Mary until after Jesus’ birth.

Matthew 2

  • The visit of the wise men (1-12)
    • (1) King Herod and the wise men
    • (2) ‘Where is the child who has been born King of the Jews’ …
    • (3-6) King Herod is frightened
      • and asks his team where is the king to be born
    • (7-8) Herod secretly asks the wise men for the exact details
      • So (allegedly) he too may honour him …
    • (9-11) The wise men complete their journey
      • Giving gifts of gold frankincense and myrrh
    • (12) They are warned in a dream not to return (and don’t!)
  • The escape to Egypt (13-15)
    • (13) Joseph is also warned by an ‘angel of the Lord’ not to return as well
    • (14-15) They first go to Egypt
      • Which also fulfills a prophecy about the future king)
  • The massacre of the infants (16-18)
    • (16) This sends Herod into a murderous rage
    • (17-18) … and another prophecy is fulfilled
  • The return from Egypt (19-23)
    • (19-21) Leaning that Herod, Joseph and his family plan to return
    • (22) But hearing that Archelaus is now ruling in Herod’s place …
      • and ‘warned in a dream’ he instead goes to (the district of) Galilee
    • (23) Nazareth becomes his home town
      • … and therefore another prophecy is fulfilled

Matthew 3

  • John the Baptist (1): Repent for the kingdom of heaven has come near
    • Fulfilling Isaiah prophecy
  • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not the Pharisees and Sadducees
      • Who John calls a brood of vipers
  • John says that one is coming who is greater than he …
  • Straight after this Jesus arrives and John does not want to baptise him (at first)
    • He is won around by Jesus word’s
  • Finally they all witness a supernatural event:

And when Jesus had been baptized, just as he came up from the water, suddenly the heavens were opened to him and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him. And a voice from heaven said, ‘This is my Son, the Beloved, with whom I am well pleased.’

Matthew 3:16-17; NRSVA

Matthew 4

The Temptation of Jesus

Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.  He fasted for forty days and forty nights, and afterwards he was famished. 

Matthew 4:1-2; NRSVA
  • ‘If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become loaves of bread.’
    • “One does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.”’
  • ‘If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down; for it is written,“He will command his angels concerning you” …
    • ‘Again it is written, “Do not put the Lord your God to the test.”’
  • ‘All these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me.’
    • ‘Away with you, Satan! for it is written, “Worship the Lord your God, and serve only him.”’

Then the devil left him, and suddenly angels came and waited on him.

Matthew 4:11; NRSVA

Jesus Begins His Ministry in Galilee

12 Now when Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew to Galilee. 13 He left Nazareth and made his home in Capernaum by the lake, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali, 14 so that what had been spoken through the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled:

‘Land of Zebulun, land of Naphtali,
    on the road by the sea, across the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles—
the people who sat in darkness
    have seen a great light,
and for those who sat in the region and shadow of death
    light has dawned.’

Matthew 4:15-16; NRSVA

But there will be no gloom for those who were in anguish. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the latter time he will make glorious the way of the sea, the land beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations.

 The people who walked in darkness
    have seen a great light;
those who lived in a land of deep darkness—
    on them light has shined.

Isaiah 9:1-2; NRSVA

I am the Lord, I have called you in righteousness,
    I have taken you by the hand and kept you;
I have given you as a covenant to the people,[a]
    a light to the nations,
    to open the eyes that are blind,
to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon,
    from the prison those who sit in darkness.

Isaiah 42:6-7; NRSVA

From that time Jesus began to proclaim, ‘Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.’

Matthew 4:17; NRSVA

Jesus Calls the First Disciples

  • Jesus calls Simon and Andrew (brothers and fishermen):
    • Follow me, and I will make you fish for people.’
    • They follow immediately …
  • James and John (also brothers, mending their nets)
    • They also follow … immediately

Jesus Ministers to Crowds of People

Jesus went throughout Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom and curing every disease and every sickness among the people. 

Matthew 4:23; NRSVA
  • Jesus fame speads in Syria and he heals many
  • Crowds also follow him from Galilee, the Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, and from beyond the Jordan.

Matthew 5

Today’s new chapter is Matthew 5. Take a look and we’ll get back to it tomorrow.

Matthew 3 / Matthew 4 / Matthew 5