Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 19

 Matthew 18 / Matthew 19 / Matthew 20

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial
  • Matthew 17
    • The Transfiguration
    • Jesus cures a boy with a demon
    • Jesus again foretells his death and resurrection
    • Jesus and the temple tax
  • Matthew 18
    • True greatness
    • Temptations to sin
    • The parable of the lost sheep
    • Reproving another who sins
    • Forgiveness
    • The parable of the unforgiving servant

Matthew 19

Teaching about Divorce

  • Pharisees: ‘Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any cause?’
  • Jesus: ‘Have you not read that the one who made them at the beginning “made them male and female”
    • “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh”? 
    • So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.’
  • Pharisees: ‘Why then did Moses command us to give a certificate of dismissal and to divorce her?’
  • Jesus: ‘It was because you were so hard-hearted that Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but at the beginning it was not so.
    • And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for unchastity, and marries another commits adultery.’

His disciples said to him, ‘If such is the case of a man with his wife, it is better not to marry.’ But he said to them, ‘Not everyone can accept this teaching, but only those to whom it is given. For there are eunuchs who have been so from birth, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by others, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. Let anyone accept this who can.’

Matthew 19:10-12; NRSVA

Jesus Blesses Little Children

Let the little children come to me … again!

The Rich Young Man

‘Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?’ And he said to him, ‘Why do you ask me about what is good? There is only one who is good. If you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.’ He said to him, ‘Which ones?’

Matthew 19:16b-18b: NRSVA
  • You shall not
    • murder
    • commit adultery
    • steal
    • bear false witness;
      • Honour your father and mother;
      • also, You shall love your neighbour as yourself.’ 

The young man said to him, ‘I have kept all these; what do I still lack?’ Jesus said to him, ‘If you wish to be perfect, go, sell your possessions, and give the money to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me.’ When the young man heard this word, he went away grieving, for he had many possessions.

Matthew 19:21-23; NRSVA

Easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle?

  • Peter: ‘Look, we have left everything and followed you. What then will we have?’ 
  • Jesus: ‘Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man is seated on the throne of his glory, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
    • And everyone who
      • has left houses
      • or brothers
      • or sisters
      • or father
      • or mother
      • or children
      • or fields,
        • for my name’s sake,
          • will receive a hundredfold,
          • and will inherit eternal life.
            • But many who are first will be last, and the last will be first.

Matthew 20

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 20. Happy reading …

 Matthew 18 / Matthew 19 / Matthew 20

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 18

 Matthew 17 Matthew 18 / Matthew 19

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial
  • Matthew 17
    • The Transfiguration
    • Jesus cures a boy with a demon
    • Jesus again foretells his death and resurrection
    • Jesus and the temple tax

Matthew 18

True Greatness

  • Disciples: ‘Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?’
  • Jesus: ‘Truly I tell you, unless you change and become like children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven … .

Temptations to Sin

‘If any of you put a stumbling-block before one of these little ones who believe in me, it would be better for you if a great millstone were fastened around your neck and you were drowned in the depth of the sea. Woe to the world because of stumbling-blocks! Occasions for stumbling are bound to come, but woe to the one by whom the stumbling-block comes!

Matthew 18:6-7; NRSVA

V8-9: Surely not genuine advice?: So what does it mean …

The Parable of the Lost Sheep

Still talking about the ‘little ones’:

What do you think? If a shepherd has a hundred sheep, and one of them has gone astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine on the mountains and go in search of the one that went astray? 13 And if he finds it, truly I tell you, he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine that never went astray.

Matthew 18:12-13; NRSVA

Reproving Another Who Sins

v15-17: Is this still an appropriate method of discipline?

  • (18) Truly I tell you,
    • whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven,
    • and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. 
  • (19) Again, truly I tell you,
    • if two of you agree on earth about anything you ask,
    • it will be done for you by my Father in heaven.
      • (20) For where two or three are gathered in my name, I am there among them.

Forgiveness

Then Peter came and said to him, ‘Lord, if another member of the church sins against me, how often should I forgive? As many as seven times?’ Jesus said to him, ‘Not seven times, but, I tell you, seventy-seven times.

Matthew 18:21-22; NRSVA

The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant

The slave pleads for pity but then does not offer the same for those who “serve” him … and the original king’s justice is reversed: What happens if we we get forgiveness/mercy from God and then refuse to give it to others…? 

So my heavenly Father will also do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother or sister from your heart.’

Matthew 18:35; NRSVA

Matthew 19

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 19. Happy reading …

 Matthew 17 Matthew 18 / Matthew 19

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 17

Matthew 16 / Matthew 17 / Matthew 18

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial

Matthew 17

The Transfiguration

  • Get up and don’t be afraid?
    • … and yet now the gospel(/book) is taking a definitely ‘supernatural’ turn
      • Can we really claim that the author saw Jesus as ‘just’ a man?
  • Jesus [ordered’]: ‘Tell no one about the vision until after the Son of Man has been raised from the dead.’
  • Disciples: ‘Why, then, do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?’

‘Elijah is indeed coming and will restore all things; but I tell you that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but they did to him whatever they pleased. So also the Son of Man is about to suffer at their hands.’ Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them about John the Baptist.

Matthew 17:11b-13; NRSVA

Jesus Cures a Boy with a Demon

Why does Jesus respond in such a strange way?

Jesus Again Foretells His Death and Resurrection

As they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them, ‘The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into human hands, and they will kill him, and on the third day he will be raised.’ And they were greatly distressed.

Matthew 17:22-23; NRSVA

Jesus and the Temple Tax

From whom do kings of the earth take toll or tribute? From their children or from others?’ 

Matthew 17:25b; NRSVA
  • Then the people are free …
    • But so that you do not give offence …
      • Strange words? – Definitely time to start looking back

Matthew 18

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 18. Happy reading …

Matthew 16 / Matthew 17 / Matthew 18

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 16

 Matthew 15 / Matthew 16 / Matthew 17

The Story So Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand

Matthew 16

The Demand for a Sign

You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times. An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah.’

Matthew 16:3-4b; NRSVA

The ‘sign of Jonah’ again …

The Yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees

  • What is it about the disciples forgetting to bring bread (and fish)
    • Jesus: ‘Watch out, and beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.’ (6)
    • Disciples: ‘It is because we have brought no bread.’
    • Jesus:
      • ‘You of little faith, why are you talking about having no bread?
      • Do you still not perceive?
      • Do you not remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you gathered?
      • Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets you gathered?
        • How could you fail to perceive that I was not speaking about bread?
          • Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!’ 

Peter’s Declaration about Jesus

Jesus: ‘Who do people say that the Son of Man is?’ (13)

Disciples: ‘Some say John the Baptist, but others Elijah, and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.’ (14)

Jesus: ‘But who do you say that I am?’ (15)

Simon Peter: ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ (16) 

Jesus : …

‘Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.’ 20 Then he sternly ordered the disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.

Matthew 16:17-19; NRSVA

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection

From that time on, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and undergo great suffering at the hands of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, saying, ‘God forbid it, Lord! This must never happen to you.’ But he turned and said to Peter, ‘Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling-block to me; for you are setting your mind not on divine things but on human things.’

Matthew 16:21-23: NRSVA

The Cross and Self-Denial

  • Jesus:
    • ‘If any want to become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me.
      • For those who want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake will find it.
      • For what will it profit them if they gain the whole world but forfeit their life?
        • Or what will they give in return for their life?
    • ‘For the Son of Man is to come with his angels in the glory of his Father,
      • and then he will repay everyone for what has been done.
    • Truly I tell you, there are some standing here who will not taste death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.’

Some will not taste death before…? Really?

Matthew 17

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 17. Happy reading …

Matthew 15 / Matthew 16 / Matthew 17

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 15

 Matthew 14 / Matthew 15 / Matthew 16

The Story So Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret

Matthew 15

The Tradition of the Elders

  • Pharisees: ‘Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands before they eat.’ (2)
  • Jesus: ‘And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?  (3)

For God said, “Honour your father and your mother,” and, “Whoever speaks evil of father or mother must surely die.” But you say that whoever tells father or mother, “Whatever support you might have had from me is given to God”, then that person need not honour the father. So, for the sake of your tradition, you make void the word of God.

Matthew 15:4-6; NRSVA

“This people honours me with their lips,
    but their hearts are far from me;
in vain do they worship me,
    teaching human precepts as doctrines.”’

Matthew 15:8-9; NRSVA

The Lord said:
Because these people draw near with their mouths
    and honour me with their lips,
    while their hearts are far from me,
and their worship of me is a human commandment learned by rote;
so I will again do
    amazing things with this people,
    shocking and amazing.
The wisdom of their wise shall perish,
    and the discernment of the discerning shall be hidden.

Ha! You who hide a plan too deep for the Lord,
    whose deeds are in the dark,
    and who say, ‘Who sees us? Who knows us?’
You turn things upside down!
    Shall the potter be regarded as the clay?
Shall the thing made say of its maker,
    ‘He did not make me’;
or the thing formed say of the one who formed it,
    ‘He has no understanding’?

Shall not Lebanon in a very little while
    become a fruitful field,
    and the fruitful field be regarded as a forest?
On that day the deaf shall hear
    the words of a scroll,
and out of their gloom and darkness
    the eyes of the blind shall see.

Isaiah 29:13-18; NRSVA

Things That Defile

  • It is what goes in that defiles, not what comes out (12)
    • Contrary to Jewish teaching?
  • Any work that is not God’s will be uprooted … (13)
  • Those ‘who do not know what is going on'(!?) will both fail … (14)
  • The disciples still don’t get it (15)
  • Inwardly the mouth leads to the sewer, but, outwardly it comes from the heart
    • For out of the heart come evil intentions, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false witness, slander. (19)
  • What defiles a person (20)
    • Is not the ritual of what you do (like washing hands)
    • But bad thoughts (such as covetousness or lust)

The Canaanite Woman’s Faith

  • Canaanite woman: ‘Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David; my daughter is tormented by a demon.’ (22)
    • Jesus initially doesn’t answer …
  • Disciples: ‘Send her away, for she keeps shouting after us.’ (23)

He answered, ‘I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.’ But she came and knelt before him, saying, ‘Lord, help me.’ He answered, ‘It is not fair to take the children’s food and throw it to the dogs.’ She said, ‘Yes, Lord, yet even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters’ table.’ Then Jesus answered her, ‘Woman, great is your faith! Let it be done for you as you wish.’ And her daughter was healed instantly.

Matthew 15:24b-28: NRSVA

Jesus Cures Many People

  • Lame
  • Maimed
  • Blind
  • Mute
  • … many others.
    • He cured them … and they praised ‘the God of Israel’

Feeding the Four Thousand

Jesus asked them, ‘How many loaves have you?’ They said, ‘Seven, and a few small fish.’ Then ordering the crowd to sit down on the ground, he took the seven loaves and the fish; and after giving thanks he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 

Matthew 15:34-46; NRSVA

Jesus said to them, ‘They need not go away; you give them something to eat.’ 17 They replied, ‘We have nothing here but five loaves and two fish.’ 18 And he said, ‘Bring them here to me.’ 19 Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass. Taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven, and blessed and broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 20 And all ate and were filled; and they took up what was left over of the broken pieces, twelve baskets full.

Matthew 14:16-20; NRSVA

Matthew 16

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 16. Happy reading …

 Matthew 14 / Matthew 15 / Matthew 16

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 13

Matthew 12 / Matthew 13 / Matthew 14

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus

Matthew 13

The Parable of the Sower

  • Listen! A sower went out to sow.
    • And as he sowed, some seeds fell on the path,
      • and the birds came and ate them up.
    • Other seeds fell on rocky ground, where they did not have much soil,
      • and they sprang up quickly, since they had no depth of soil.
      • But when the sun rose, they were scorched; and since they had no root, they withered away. 
    • Other seeds fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them. 
    • Other seeds fell on good soil and brought forth grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
  • Let anyone with ears listen!’

The Purpose of the Parables

  • Then the disciples came and asked him, ‘Why do you speak to them in parables?’
    • He answered, ‘To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.
      • For to those who have, more will be given, and they will have an abundance; but from those who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away. 
    • The reason I speak to them in parables is that “seeing they do not perceive, and hearing they do not listen, nor do they understand.” 
    • With them indeed is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah that says:

“You will indeed listen, but never understand and you will indeed look, but never perceive. For this people’s heart has grown dull, and their ears are hard of hearing and they have shut their eyes;
        so that they might not look with their eyes and listen with their ears,
and understand with their heart and turn—  and I would heal them.”

Matthew 13:14b-15; NRSVA

He said, “Go and tell this people:

“‘Be ever hearing, but never understanding;
    be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’
Make the heart of this people calloused;
    make their ears dull
    and close their eyes.
Otherwise they might see with their eyes,
    hear with their ears,
    understand with their hearts,
and turn and be healed.”

Isaiah 6:9-10; NRSVA

Isaiah seems to be coming up a lot at the moment …

  • (16) Blessed are …
    • Eyes = see
    • Earsv=hear

Truly I tell you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, but did not see it, and to hear what you hear, but did not hear it.

Matthew 13:17; NRSVA

The Parable of the Sower Explained

18 ‘Hear then the parable of the sower. 19 When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what is sown in the heart; this is what was sown on the path. 20 As for what was sown on rocky ground, this is the one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; 21 yet such a person has no root, but endures only for a while, and when trouble or persecution arises on account of the word, that person immediately falls away.[c] 22 As for what was sown among thorns, this is the one who hears the word, but the cares of the world and the lure of wealth choke the word, and it yields nothing. 23 But as for what was sown on good soil, this is the one who hears the word and understands it, who indeed bears fruit and yields, in one case a hundredfold, in another sixty, and in another thirty.’

The Parable of Weeds among the Wheat

24 He put before them another parable: ‘The kingdom of heaven may be compared to someone who sowed good seed in his field; 25 but while everybody was asleep, an enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and then went away. 26 So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared as well. 27 And the slaves of the householder came and said to him, “Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? Where, then, did these weeds come from?” 28 He answered, “An enemy has done this.” The slaves said to him, “Then do you want us to go and gather them?” 29 But he replied, “No; for in gathering the weeds you would uproot the wheat along with them. 30 Let both of them grow together until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Collect the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.”’

The Parable of the Mustard Seed

31 He put before them another parable: ‘The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed that someone took and sowed in his field; 32 it is the smallest of all the seeds, but when it has grown it is the greatest of shrubs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.’

The Parable of the Yeast

33 He told them another parable: ‘The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed in with[d] three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.’

The Use of Parables

34 Jesus told the crowds all these things in parables; without a parable he told them nothing. 35 This was to fulfil what had been spoken through the prophet:[e]

‘I will open my mouth to speak in parables;
    I will proclaim what has been hidden from the foundation of the world.’[f]

Jesus Explains the Parable of the Weeds

  • Good seed = Son of Man
  • Field = world
  • Good seed = children of the kingdom
  • Weeds = children of the evil one
    • Enemy who sowed them = the devil;
  • Harvest = end of the age
  • Reapers = angels. 
  • (40) Just as the weeds are collected and burned up with fire, so will it be at the end of the age. 
    • (41) The Son of Man will send his angels,
      • and they will collect out of his kingdom all causes of sin and all evildoers,
    • (42) and they will throw them into the furnace of fire,
      • where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
    • (43) Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father.
      • Let anyone with ears listen!

Three Parables

  • Treasure hidden in a field,
  • A merchant in search of fine pearls
  • A net that was thrown into the sea and caught fish of every kind; 

So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil from the righteous and throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Matthew 13:49-50; NRSVA

Treasures New and Old

‘Have you understood all this?’ They answered, ‘Yes.’ And he said to them, ‘Therefore every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven is like the master of a household who brings out of his treasure what is new and what is old.’ When Jesus had finished these parables, he left that place.

Matthew 13:51-53: NRSVA

The Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth

  • (54) Jesus returned to his home town to teach (in the synagogue)
    • The people are amazed by his preaching prowess (wisdom and deeds of power)
      • … and him, the son of a carpenter
      • Plus what about: Mary, James, Joseph, Simon and Judas…
      • … and his sisters (with us)
        • (56) … and they took offence at him.
  • (57b) Jesus says in return:
    • ‘Prophets are not without honour except in their own country and in their own house.’ 

And he did not do many deeds of power there, because of their unbelief.

Matthew 13:58; NRSVA

Matthew 14

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 14. Happy reading …

Matthew 12 / Matthew 13 / Matthew 14

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 12

Matthew 11 / Matthew 12 / Matthew 13

‘IRL’ hospital visits and family issues will (hopefully) be over soon and we can start looking back properly. In the meantime I hope your keeping up. (Today’s passage particularly seems to be borrowing/quoting from external sources.)

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father

Matthew 12

Plucking Grain on the Sabbath

At that time Jesus went through the cornfields on the sabbath; his disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck heads of grain and to eat. When the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, ‘Look, your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the sabbath.’ He said to them, ‘Have you not read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? He entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which it was not lawful for him or his companions to eat, but only for the priests. Or have you not read in the law that on the sabbath the priests in the temple break the sabbath and yet are guiltless? I tell you, something greater than the temple is here. But if you had known what this means, “I desire mercy and not sacrifice”, you would not have condemned the guiltless. For the Son of Man is lord of the sabbath.’

Matthew 12:1-8; NRSVA

I desire mercy not sacrifice again. Showing up for the second time in this book/gospel/series …

The Man with a Withered Hand

  • ‘Is it lawful to cure on the sabbath?’
    • ‘Suppose one of you has only one sheep and it falls into a pit on the sabbath; will you not lay hold of it and lift it out?
      • How much more valuable is a human being than a sheep!
        • So it is lawful to do good on the sabbath.’
          • ‘Stretch out your hand.’

God’s Chosen Servant

18 ‘Here is my servant, whom I have chosen,
    my beloved, with whom my soul is well pleased.
I will put my Spirit upon him,
    and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles.
19 He will not wrangle or cry aloud,
    nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets.
20 He will not break a bruised reed
    or quench a smouldering wick
until he brings justice to victory.
21     And in his name the Gentiles will hope.’

Matthew 12:18-21; NRSVA

Here is my servant, whom I uphold,
    my chosen, in whom my soul delights;
I have put my spirit upon him;
    he will bring forth justice to the nations.
He will not cry or lift up his voice,
    or make it heard in the street;
a bruised reed he will not break,
    and a dimly burning wick he will not quench;
    he will faithfully bring forth justice.
He will not grow faint or be crushed
    until he has established justice in the earth;
    and the coastlands wait for his teaching.

Isaiah 42:1-4: NRSVA

Jesus and Beelzebul

  • ‘Can this be the Son of David?’
  • ‘It is only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons, that this fellow casts out the demons.’
    • ‘Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will stand.
    • If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself; how then will his kingdom stand? 
    • If I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your own exorcists cast them out?
    • Therefore they will be your judges.
    • But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come to you.
    • Or how can one enter a strong man’s house and plunder his property, without first tying up the strong man?
    • Then indeed the house can be plundered.
    • Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters.
    • Therefore I tell you, people will be forgiven for every sin and blasphemy, but blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven.
    • Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.

A Tree and Its Fruit

  • A tree is known by it’s fruit – either make them good or bad
  • ‘How can you speak good things, when you are evil.’
    • He calls them a brood of vipers!
    • … and reminds them that the mouth shows what the body is feeling
  • Repeating the metaphor by talking about treasure …
  • Remember the day of judgement is coming:
    • for by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.

The Sign of Jonah

Something tells me that at this point we definitely need to be starting too both look back and refer to other soures … :

Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to him, ‘Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.’ But he answered them, ‘An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. For just as Jonah was for three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so for three days and three nights the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth. The people of Nineveh will rise up at the judgement with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the proclamation of Jonah, and see, something greater than Jonah is here! The queen of the South will rise up at the judgement with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to listen to the wisdom of Solomon, and see, something greater than Solomon is here!

Matthew 12:41-42; NRSVA

The Return of the Unclean Spirit

What is going on here?: If you cast out an unclean spirit it will come back sevenfold? … and how is this connected with the local church?

The True Kindred of Jesus

  • ‘Look, your mother and your brothers are standing outside, wanting to speak to you.’ 
    • ‘Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?’ 
    • ‘Here are my mother and my brothers!
    • For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother.’

Matthew 13

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 13. Happy reading …

Matthew 11 / Matthew 12 / Matthew 13

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 11

Matthew 10 / Matthew 11 / Matthew 12

Still sorting out family issues, but hoping to go back and look from the beginning again soon. There are many questions (we have uncovered already) still unanswered …

The Story So Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards

Matthew 11

Now when Jesus had finished instructing his twelve disciples, he went on from there to teach and proclaim his message in their cities.

Matthew 11:1; NRSVA

Messengers from John the Baptist

  • Are you the one to come or should we wait for another?
    • Go and tell John what you hear and see:
      • the blind receive their sight,
      • the lame walk,
      • the lepers are cleansed,
      • the deaf hear,
      • the dead are raised,
      • and the poor have good news brought to them.
      • And blessed is anyone who takes no offence at me

Jesus Praises John the Baptist

As they went away, Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John: ‘What did you go out into the wilderness to look at? A reed shaken by the wind? What then did you go out to see? Someone dressed in soft robes? Look, those who wear soft robes are in royal palaces.

Matthew 11:7-8; NRSVA
  • Did they go out to see a prophet?
  • In fact – more than a prophet!
  • In fact – one who had been prophesied about:

“See, I am sending my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way before you.”

Matthew 11:10b; NRSVA

A voice cries out:
‘In the wilderness prepare the way of the Lord,
    make straight in the desert a highway for our God.

Isaiah 40:3; NRSVA

See, I am sending my messenger to prepare the way before me, and the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple. The messenger of the covenant in whom you delight—indeed, he is coming, says the Lord of hosts.

Malachi 3:1; NRSVA
  • Among ‘those born of women’ no one is greater than John the Baptist (11)
    • Yet all in heaven our greater …

From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and the violent take it by force. For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John came; and if you are willing to accept it, he is Elijah who is to come. Let anyone with ears listen!

Matthew 11:12-15; NRSVA
  • (16) But to what will I compare this generation?
    • It is like children sitting in the market-places and calling to one another

“We played the flute for you, and you did not dance;
    we wailed, and you did not mourn.”

Matthew 11:17; NRSVA
  • They said John had a demon – even though he came neither eating or drinking
  • The Son of Man came eating and drinking – they say a ‘glutton and a drunkard’ – ‘a friend of tax collectors and sinners’
    • Yet wisdom is vindicated by her dreams.

Woes to Unrepentant Cities

  • Chorazin & Bethsaida – failure to repent
  • Capernaum: Deeds of power …

Jesus Thanks his Father

At that time Jesus said, ‘I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and the intelligent and have revealed them to infants; yes, Father, for such was your gracious will. All things have been handed over to me by my Father; and no one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.

Matthew 11:25-27; NRSVA

28 ‘Come to me, all you that are weary and are carrying heavy burdens, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me; for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.’

Matthew 11:28-30: NRSVA

Matthew 12

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 12. Happy reading …

Matthew 10 / Matthew 11 / Matthew 12

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 10

Matthew 9 / Matthew 10 / Matthew 11

This is another ‘broad brush’ study done quickly as real life and hospital visits get in the way.

The Story So Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few

Matthew 10

The Twelve Apostles

  • The disciples given authority over unclean spirits
  • The 12 apostles (list)
    • … and Judas Iscariot the one who betrayed him

The Mission of the Twelve

Go nowhere among the Gentiles, and enter no town of the Samaritans, but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. As you go, proclaim the good news, “The kingdom of heaven has come near.” Cure the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. You received without payment; give without payment. Take no gold, or silver, or copper in your belts, no bag for your journey, or two tunics, or sandals, or a staff; for labourers deserve their foodWhatever town or village you enter, find out who in it is worthy, and stay there until you leave. As you enter the house, greet it. If the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it; but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, shake off the dust from your feet as you leave that house or town. Truly I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgement than for that town.

Matthew 1:5b-15; NRSVA

Coming Persecutions

See, I am sending you out like sheep into the midst of wolves; so be wise as serpents and innocent as doves.

Matthew 10:16; NRSVA
  • (17) Beware of them …
  • (18) and you will be dragged …
  • (19) When they hand you over …
    • Do not worry …
      • For what you are to say …
  • (20) For it is not you who speak …
    • but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you

Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death; and you will be hated by all because of my name. But the one who endures to the end will be saved. 

Matthew 10:21-22; NRSVA
  • (23) When they persecute you in one town …
  • (24) For truly I tell you …

‘A disciple is not above the teacher, nor a slave above the master; it is enough for the disciple to be like the teacher, and the slave like the master. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul, how much more will they malign those of his household!

Matthew 10:24-25; NRSVA

Whom to Fear

  • (26) So have no fear of him …
    • Nothing is covered that will not be uncovered
    • Nothing is secret that will not be made known
      • What I say to you in the dark – tell in the light
      • What you hear whispered proclaim from the housetops
        • Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul
          • Rather fear him who can destroy both body and soul in hell

Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground unperceived by your Father. 30 And even the hairs of your head are all counted. 31 So do not be afraid; you are of more value than many sparrows.

Matthew 10:29-31; NRSVA
  • Everyone therefore ….
    • who acknowledges me before others
      • I also will acknowledge before my Father in heaven
    • but whoever denies me before others
      • I will also deny before my father in heaven

No peace but Sword

  • Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth
    • I have not come to bring peace
      • but a sword
        • for I have come to set a man against his father,
        • and a daughter against her mother
        • and a daugher-in-law against her mother-in-law
        • and one’s foes will be members of one’s household

This doesn’t seem like gentle Jesus, meek and mild …

Rewards

  • (40) ‘Whoever welcomes you welcomes me,
    • and whoever welcomes me
      • welcomes the one who sent me. 
  • (41) Whoever welcomes a prophet
    • in the name of a prophet
      • will receive a prophet’s reward;
  • and whoever welcomes a righteous person
    • in the name of a righteous person
      • will receive the reward of the righteous; 
  • (42) and whoever gives even a cup of cold water
    • to one of these little ones in the name of a disciple
      • —truly I tell you, none of these will lose their reward.’

Matthew 11

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 11. Happy reading …

Matthew 9 / Matthew 10 / Matthew 11

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 9

Matthew 8 / Matthew 9 / Matthew 10

A short one today as I have been rushing around visiting family in hospital. Nothing serious, (thanks for asking…) they just needed a few extra essentials during their stay.

The Story So Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs

Matthew 9

And after getting into a boat he crossed the water and came to his own town.

Matthew 9:10; NRSVA

Jesus Heals a Paralytic

  • ‘Take heart, son; your sins are forgiven.’
    • ‘This man is blaspheming.’
  • ‘Why do you think evil in your hearts? For which is easier, to say, “Your sins are forgiven”, or to say, “Stand up and walk”? But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins’—he then said to the paralytic—‘Stand up, take your bed and go to your home.’

The Calling of Matthew

As Jesus was walking along, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax booth; and he said to him, ‘Follow me.’ And he got up and followed him.

  • ‘Why does your teacher eat with tax-collectors and sinners?’
    • ‘Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick.
    • Go and learn what this means,
    • “I desire mercy, not sacrifice.”
    • For I have come to call not the righteous but sinners.’

For I desire steadfast love and not sacrifice, the knowledge of God rather than burnt-offerings.

Hosea 6:6; NRSVA

I’m currently looking at Hosea in my own notes here. It’s probably to much to add all of that stuff into a basic study on Matthew. As with this blog, the content is growing from a standing start …

The Question about Fasting

  • ‘Why do we and the Pharisees fast often, but your disciples do not fast?’
    • ‘The wedding-guests cannot mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them, can they? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast. 
    • No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old cloak, for the patch pulls away from the cloak, and a worse tear is made.
    • Neither is new wine put into old wineskins; otherwise, the skins burst, and the wine is spilled, and the skins are destroyed; but new wine is put into fresh wineskins, and so both are preserved.’

A Girl Restored to Life and a Woman Healed

  • ‘My daughter has just died; but come and lay your hand on her, and she will live.’

Then suddenly a woman who had been suffering from haemorrhages for twelve years came up behind him and touched the fringe of his cloak, for she said to herself, ‘If I only touch his cloak, I will be made well.’ 

Matthew 9:20-21; NRSVA
  • ‘Take heart, daughter; your faith has made you well.’
  • ‘Go away; for the girl is not dead but sleeping.’

Jesus Heals Two Blind Men

  • ‘Have mercy on us, Son of David!’
  • ‘Do you believe that I am able to do this?’
    • ‘Yes, Lord.’
  • ‘According to your faith let it be done to you.’
  • ‘See that no one knows of this.’ 3

But they went away and spread the news about him throughout that district.

Matthew 9:31; NRSVA

Jesus Heals One Who Was Mute

  • Israelites: ‘Never has anything like this been seen in Israel.’
  • Pharisees: ‘By the ruler of the demons he casts out the demons.’

The Harvest Is Great, the Labourers Few

Then Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and curing every disease and every sickness. When he saw the crowds, he had compassion for them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd. Then he said to his disciples, ‘The harvest is plentiful, but the labourers are few; therefore ask the Lord of the harvest to send out labourers into his harvest.’

Matthew 9:35-38; NRSVA

Matthew 10

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 10. Happy reading … Also I’ll be revisiting some of this in the coming days – especially the reference to Hosea: ‘I desire mercy not sacrifice’.

Matthew 8 / Matthew 9 / Matthew 10