Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 23

Matthew 22 / Matthew 23 / Matthew 24

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial
  • Matthew 17
    • The Transfiguration
    • Jesus cures a boy with a demon
    • Jesus again foretells his death and resurrection
    • Jesus and the temple tax
  • Matthew 18
    • True greatness
    • Temptations to sin
    • The parable of the lost sheep
    • Reproving another who sins
    • Forgiveness
    • The parable of the unforgiving servant
  • Matthew 19
    • Teaching about divorce
    • Jesus blesses little children
    • The rich young man
  • Matthew 20
    • The laborers in the vineyard
    • A third time Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The request of the mother of James and John
    • Jesus heals two blind men
  • Matthew 21
    • Jesus triumphal entry into Jerusalem
    • Jesus clears the Temple
    • Jesus curses the fig tree
    • The authority of Jesus questioned
    • The parable of the two sons
    • The parable of the wicked tenants
  • Chapter 22
    • The parable of the wedding banquet
    • The question about paying taxes
    • The question about the resurrection
    • The greatest commandment
    • The question about David’s son

Matthew 23

Jesus Denounces Scribes and Pharisees

Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples, ‘The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat; therefore, do whatever they teach you and follow it; but do not do as they do, for they do not practise what they teach.

Matthew 23:1-3; NRSVA

Ouch!

  • They tie up heavy burdens – and lay them on the shoulders of others
    • … and do not lift a finger to help them
  • They do all their deeds in public – to be seen
  • They love to have the place of honour
    • … and to be greeted with respect
      • But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all students (8)
      • You also have only one Father (9)
      • Nor an instructor – for you have only one (10)
        • The greatest among you will be your servant(!)
          • Yet the humble will be exalted(!)
  • Woe to scribes, Pharisees and hypocrites:
    • For you lock people out of the kingdom of heaven
      • For you do not go in yourself …
      • … and you stop others
    • For go out of your way to make a convert
      • but then make them twice as bad as you are(!!!)
    • Blind guides! (16)
    • Blind fools! (17)
      • How blind you are! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift sacred? (19)
    • For the way they tithe – ‘You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel’ (24)
    • For polishing the outside – but leaving the inside dirty
      • Like a used cup or bowl
      • (Or worse…) A whitewashed tomb
        • Thus you testify against yourselves that you are descendants of those who murdered the prophets. (31)

Fill up, then, the measure of your ancestors. You snakes, you brood of vipers! How can you escape being sentenced to hell? Therefore I send you prophets, sages, and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog in your synagogues and pursue from town to town, so that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar. Truly I tell you, all this will come upon this generation.

Matthew 23:32-36; NRSVA

The Lament over Jerusalem

‘Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to it! How often have I desired to gather your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you were not willing! See, your house is left to you, desolate. For I tell you, you will not see me again until you say, “Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord.”’

Matthew 23:37-39: NRSVA

Matthew 24

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 24. Happy reading …

Matthew 22 / Matthew 23 / Matthew 24

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 22

Matthew 21 / Matthew 22 / Matthew 23

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial
  • Matthew 17
    • The Transfiguration
    • Jesus cures a boy with a demon
    • Jesus again foretells his death and resurrection
    • Jesus and the temple tax
  • Matthew 18
    • True greatness
    • Temptations to sin
    • The parable of the lost sheep
    • Reproving another who sins
    • Forgiveness
    • The parable of the unforgiving servant
  • Matthew 19
    • Teaching about divorce
    • Jesus blesses little children
    • The rich young man
  • Matthew 20
    • The laborers in the vineyard
    • A third time Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The request of the mother of James and John
    • Jesus heals two blind men
  • Matthew 21
    • Jesus triumphal entry into Jerusalem
    • Jesus clears the Temple
    • Jesus curses the fig tree
    • The authority of Jesus questioned
    • The parable of the two sons
    • The parable of the wicked tenants

Matthew 22

The Parable of the Wedding Banquet

So… The invites won’t come to your wedding. So … you send out another person to invite them – but they still don’t come, even though they know it is time. Instead they find (small) jobs to do and/or attack the messenger – and all this whilst you are the king.

The king was enraged. He sent his troops, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city. Then he said to his slaves, “The wedding is ready, but those invited were not worthy. Go therefore into the main streets, and invite everyone you find to the wedding banquet.” Those slaves went out into the streets and gathered all whom they found, both good and bad; so the wedding hall was filled with guests.

Matthew 22:7-10; NRSVA

But then the story gets weird in verses 11-14 – after inviting the poor and slaves he “picks” on a guest for not coming in the correct clothing.

Then the king said to the attendants, “Bind him hand and foot, and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” For many are called, but few are chosen.’

Matthew 22:13-14; NRSVA

The Question about Paying Taxes

  • Is it lawful to pay taxes?
    • What for us is sacred (God’s) …
    • … and profane (Caesar’s…)

The Question about the Resurrection

So …(!): If you have more than one wife – whose husband will you be in heaven? (Was this supposed to be a trick question?)

But Jesus says people don’t marry in heaven – instead they are like the angels (v30).

It almost feels like Jesus doesn’t (fully) answer the question in v31 (to our “modern” ears) – ‘He is God not of the dead but of the living.’

(We here next that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees – so at least his rhetoric must have been good.)

The Greatest Commandment

… But now it is time for the Pharisees (not the Sadducees again): Teacher, which commandment of the law is greatest?

  • [1] (37b) You shall
    • Love the lord your God
      • with all your heart
      • and with all your soul
      • and with all your mind
  • [2] (39b) You shall
    • Love your neighbour
      • as yourself

On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.’

Matthew 22:40; NRSVA

The Question about David’s Son

This time Jesus is the one asking the questions.

What do you think of the Messiah – whose son is he? – They answer: David’s.

Verses 43-44 then cause a tension(/issue?) because Jesus is saying that by ‘the Spirit’ David spoke of the relationship between himself, his God [Lord 1] and the messiah [Lord 2].

How can the messiah be David’s son, if the messiah (his son) has more power/authority than him. (Surely the son would be lesser than his master.)

If David thus calls him Lord, how can he be his son?’ No one was able to give him an answer, nor from that day did anyone dare to ask him any more questions.

Matthew 22:45-46; NRSVA

Matthew 23

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 23. Happy reading …

Matthew 21 / Matthew 22 / Matthew 23

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 21

Matthew 20 / Matthew 21 / Matthew 22

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial
  • Matthew 17
    • The Transfiguration
    • Jesus cures a boy with a demon
    • Jesus again foretells his death and resurrection
    • Jesus and the temple tax
  • Matthew 18
    • True greatness
    • Temptations to sin
    • The parable of the lost sheep
    • Reproving another who sins
    • Forgiveness
    • The parable of the unforgiving servant
  • Matthew 19
    • Teaching about divorce
    • Jesus blesses little children
    • The rich young man
  • Matthew 20
    • The laborers in the vineyard
    • A third time Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The request of the mother of James and John
    • Jesus heals two blind men

Matthew 21

Jesus’ Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem

A triumphal entry on a donkey?

Jesus Cleans the The Temple

“My house shall be called a house of prayer”;
    but you are making it a den of robbers.’

Matthew 21:13; NRSVA

Matthew 21:13 Cross References

“Out of the mouths of infants and nursing babies
    you have prepared praise for yourself”?’

Matthew 21:16; NRSVA

Matthew 21:16 Cross References

Jesus Curses the Fig Tree

Whatever you ask for? (22) – What, exactly, is going on here!?

The Authority of Jesus Questioned

When he entered the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said, ‘By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?’ Jesus said to them, ‘I will also ask you one question; if you tell me the answer, then I will also tell you by what authority I do these things. Did the baptism of John come from heaven, or was it of human origin?’ And they argued with one another, ‘If we say, “From heaven”, he will say to us, “Why then did you not believe him?” But if we say, “Of human origin”, we are afraid of the crowd; for all regard John as a prophet.’ So they answered Jesus, ‘We do not know.’ And he said to them, ‘Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.

Matthew 21:23-27; NRSVA

The Parable of the Two Sons

  • Say no first and then go (or)
  • Say you’ll go and then don’t

The ‘wicked’ and ‘prostitutes’ are getting in before the “holy” …

The Parable of the Wicked Tenants

Jesus said to them, ‘Have you never read in the scriptures:

“The stone that the builders rejected
    has become the cornerstone;
this was the Lord’s doing,
    and it is amazing in our eyes”?

Matthew 21:42; NRSVA

This time rather than asking people to work, people are sent out to help recover/rescue: The tenet think they will honour the heir, the second in command, but to them he is just another victory to take. – Are we doing likewise with Jesus (and his Father)?

Matthew 22

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 22. Happy reading …

Matthew 20 / Matthew 21 / Matthew 22

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 20

 Matthew 19 / Matthew 20 / Matthew 21

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial
  • Matthew 17
    • The Transfiguration
    • Jesus cures a boy with a demon
    • Jesus again foretells his death and resurrection
    • Jesus and the temple tax
  • Matthew 18
    • True greatness
    • Temptations to sin
    • The parable of the lost sheep
    • Reproving another who sins
    • Forgiveness
    • The parable of the unforgiving servant
  • Matthew 19
    • Teaching about divorce
    • Jesus blesses little children
    • The rich young man

Matthew 20

The Laborers in the Vineyard

Is the vineyard owner right to give all his workers the same wage – however much (or hard) they worked?

Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or are you envious because I am generous?’  So the last will be first, and the first will be last.”

Matthew 20:15-16; NRSVA

A Third Time Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection

This is not what the disciples were expecting to hear. Neither is it (I assume) what we would.

How do we square this as prophecy, spoken before the events that they foretell?

The Request of the Mother of James and John

Mother of the sons of Zebedee: “Declare that these two sons of mine will sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your kingdom.” But Jesus answered, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink?”

Matthew 20:21b-22; NRSVA
  • Whoever wants to be great – must become a servant
  • Whoever wishes to be first – must become a slave
  • The son of man came not to be served – but to serve
    • and to give his life as a ransom for many.

Jesus Heals Two Blind Men

“Lord, have mercy on us, Son of David!”

Matthew 20:30; NRSVA

Jesus often seems to ask: “What do you want me to do for you?” (32): Why does he do this (and what would it be for you?)

Moved with compassion, Jesus touched their eyes. Immediately they regained their sight and followed him.

Matthew 20:34; NRSVA

Matthew 21

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 21. Happy reading …

 Matthew 19 / Matthew 20 / Matthew 21

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 19

 Matthew 18 / Matthew 19 / Matthew 20

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial
  • Matthew 17
    • The Transfiguration
    • Jesus cures a boy with a demon
    • Jesus again foretells his death and resurrection
    • Jesus and the temple tax
  • Matthew 18
    • True greatness
    • Temptations to sin
    • The parable of the lost sheep
    • Reproving another who sins
    • Forgiveness
    • The parable of the unforgiving servant

Matthew 19

Teaching about Divorce

  • Pharisees: ‘Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any cause?’
  • Jesus: ‘Have you not read that the one who made them at the beginning “made them male and female”
    • “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh”? 
    • So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.’
  • Pharisees: ‘Why then did Moses command us to give a certificate of dismissal and to divorce her?’
  • Jesus: ‘It was because you were so hard-hearted that Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but at the beginning it was not so.
    • And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for unchastity, and marries another commits adultery.’

His disciples said to him, ‘If such is the case of a man with his wife, it is better not to marry.’ But he said to them, ‘Not everyone can accept this teaching, but only those to whom it is given. For there are eunuchs who have been so from birth, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by others, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. Let anyone accept this who can.’

Matthew 19:10-12; NRSVA

Jesus Blesses Little Children

Let the little children come to me … again!

The Rich Young Man

‘Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?’ And he said to him, ‘Why do you ask me about what is good? There is only one who is good. If you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.’ He said to him, ‘Which ones?’

Matthew 19:16b-18b: NRSVA
  • You shall not
    • murder
    • commit adultery
    • steal
    • bear false witness;
      • Honour your father and mother;
      • also, You shall love your neighbour as yourself.’ 

The young man said to him, ‘I have kept all these; what do I still lack?’ Jesus said to him, ‘If you wish to be perfect, go, sell your possessions, and give the money to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me.’ When the young man heard this word, he went away grieving, for he had many possessions.

Matthew 19:21-23; NRSVA

Easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle?

  • Peter: ‘Look, we have left everything and followed you. What then will we have?’ 
  • Jesus: ‘Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man is seated on the throne of his glory, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
    • And everyone who
      • has left houses
      • or brothers
      • or sisters
      • or father
      • or mother
      • or children
      • or fields,
        • for my name’s sake,
          • will receive a hundredfold,
          • and will inherit eternal life.
            • But many who are first will be last, and the last will be first.

Matthew 20

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 20. Happy reading …

 Matthew 18 / Matthew 19 / Matthew 20

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 18

 Matthew 17 Matthew 18 / Matthew 19

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial
  • Matthew 17
    • The Transfiguration
    • Jesus cures a boy with a demon
    • Jesus again foretells his death and resurrection
    • Jesus and the temple tax

Matthew 18

True Greatness

  • Disciples: ‘Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?’
  • Jesus: ‘Truly I tell you, unless you change and become like children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven … .

Temptations to Sin

‘If any of you put a stumbling-block before one of these little ones who believe in me, it would be better for you if a great millstone were fastened around your neck and you were drowned in the depth of the sea. Woe to the world because of stumbling-blocks! Occasions for stumbling are bound to come, but woe to the one by whom the stumbling-block comes!

Matthew 18:6-7; NRSVA

V8-9: Surely not genuine advice?: So what does it mean …

The Parable of the Lost Sheep

Still talking about the ‘little ones’:

What do you think? If a shepherd has a hundred sheep, and one of them has gone astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine on the mountains and go in search of the one that went astray? 13 And if he finds it, truly I tell you, he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine that never went astray.

Matthew 18:12-13; NRSVA

Reproving Another Who Sins

v15-17: Is this still an appropriate method of discipline?

  • (18) Truly I tell you,
    • whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven,
    • and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. 
  • (19) Again, truly I tell you,
    • if two of you agree on earth about anything you ask,
    • it will be done for you by my Father in heaven.
      • (20) For where two or three are gathered in my name, I am there among them.

Forgiveness

Then Peter came and said to him, ‘Lord, if another member of the church sins against me, how often should I forgive? As many as seven times?’ Jesus said to him, ‘Not seven times, but, I tell you, seventy-seven times.

Matthew 18:21-22; NRSVA

The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant

The slave pleads for pity but then does not offer the same for those who “serve” him … and the original king’s justice is reversed: What happens if we we get forgiveness/mercy from God and then refuse to give it to others…? 

So my heavenly Father will also do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother or sister from your heart.’

Matthew 18:35; NRSVA

Matthew 19

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 19. Happy reading …

 Matthew 17 Matthew 18 / Matthew 19

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 17

Matthew 16 / Matthew 17 / Matthew 18

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand
  • Matthew 16
    • The demand for a sign
    • The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
    • Peter’s declaration about Jesus
    • Jesus foretells his death and resurrection
    • The cross and self-denial

Matthew 17

The Transfiguration

  • Get up and don’t be afraid?
    • … and yet now the gospel(/book) is taking a definitely ‘supernatural’ turn
      • Can we really claim that the author saw Jesus as ‘just’ a man?
  • Jesus [ordered’]: ‘Tell no one about the vision until after the Son of Man has been raised from the dead.’
  • Disciples: ‘Why, then, do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?’

‘Elijah is indeed coming and will restore all things; but I tell you that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but they did to him whatever they pleased. So also the Son of Man is about to suffer at their hands.’ Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them about John the Baptist.

Matthew 17:11b-13; NRSVA

Jesus Cures a Boy with a Demon

Why does Jesus respond in such a strange way?

Jesus Again Foretells His Death and Resurrection

As they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them, ‘The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into human hands, and they will kill him, and on the third day he will be raised.’ And they were greatly distressed.

Matthew 17:22-23; NRSVA

Jesus and the Temple Tax

From whom do kings of the earth take toll or tribute? From their children or from others?’ 

Matthew 17:25b; NRSVA
  • Then the people are free …
    • But so that you do not give offence …
      • Strange words? – Definitely time to start looking back

Matthew 18

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 18. Happy reading …

Matthew 16 / Matthew 17 / Matthew 18

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 16

 Matthew 15 / Matthew 16 / Matthew 17

The Story So Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand

Matthew 16

The Demand for a Sign

You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times. An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah.’

Matthew 16:3-4b; NRSVA

The ‘sign of Jonah’ again …

The Yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees

  • What is it about the disciples forgetting to bring bread (and fish)
    • Jesus: ‘Watch out, and beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.’ (6)
    • Disciples: ‘It is because we have brought no bread.’
    • Jesus:
      • ‘You of little faith, why are you talking about having no bread?
      • Do you still not perceive?
      • Do you not remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you gathered?
      • Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets you gathered?
        • How could you fail to perceive that I was not speaking about bread?
          • Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!’ 

Peter’s Declaration about Jesus

Jesus: ‘Who do people say that the Son of Man is?’ (13)

Disciples: ‘Some say John the Baptist, but others Elijah, and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.’ (14)

Jesus: ‘But who do you say that I am?’ (15)

Simon Peter: ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ (16) 

Jesus : …

‘Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.’ 20 Then he sternly ordered the disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.

Matthew 16:17-19; NRSVA

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection

From that time on, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and undergo great suffering at the hands of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, saying, ‘God forbid it, Lord! This must never happen to you.’ But he turned and said to Peter, ‘Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling-block to me; for you are setting your mind not on divine things but on human things.’

Matthew 16:21-23: NRSVA

The Cross and Self-Denial

  • Jesus:
    • ‘If any want to become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me.
      • For those who want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake will find it.
      • For what will it profit them if they gain the whole world but forfeit their life?
        • Or what will they give in return for their life?
    • ‘For the Son of Man is to come with his angels in the glory of his Father,
      • and then he will repay everyone for what has been done.
    • Truly I tell you, there are some standing here who will not taste death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.’

Some will not taste death before…? Really?

Matthew 17

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 17. Happy reading …

Matthew 15 / Matthew 16 / Matthew 17

Categories
Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 15

 Matthew 14 / Matthew 15 / Matthew 16

The Story So Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret

Matthew 15

The Tradition of the Elders

  • Pharisees: ‘Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands before they eat.’ (2)
  • Jesus: ‘And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?  (3)

For God said, “Honour your father and your mother,” and, “Whoever speaks evil of father or mother must surely die.” But you say that whoever tells father or mother, “Whatever support you might have had from me is given to God”, then that person need not honour the father. So, for the sake of your tradition, you make void the word of God.

Matthew 15:4-6; NRSVA

“This people honours me with their lips,
    but their hearts are far from me;
in vain do they worship me,
    teaching human precepts as doctrines.”’

Matthew 15:8-9; NRSVA

The Lord said:
Because these people draw near with their mouths
    and honour me with their lips,
    while their hearts are far from me,
and their worship of me is a human commandment learned by rote;
so I will again do
    amazing things with this people,
    shocking and amazing.
The wisdom of their wise shall perish,
    and the discernment of the discerning shall be hidden.

Ha! You who hide a plan too deep for the Lord,
    whose deeds are in the dark,
    and who say, ‘Who sees us? Who knows us?’
You turn things upside down!
    Shall the potter be regarded as the clay?
Shall the thing made say of its maker,
    ‘He did not make me’;
or the thing formed say of the one who formed it,
    ‘He has no understanding’?

Shall not Lebanon in a very little while
    become a fruitful field,
    and the fruitful field be regarded as a forest?
On that day the deaf shall hear
    the words of a scroll,
and out of their gloom and darkness
    the eyes of the blind shall see.

Isaiah 29:13-18; NRSVA

Things That Defile

  • It is what goes in that defiles, not what comes out (12)
    • Contrary to Jewish teaching?
  • Any work that is not God’s will be uprooted … (13)
  • Those ‘who do not know what is going on'(!?) will both fail … (14)
  • The disciples still don’t get it (15)
  • Inwardly the mouth leads to the sewer, but, outwardly it comes from the heart
    • For out of the heart come evil intentions, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false witness, slander. (19)
  • What defiles a person (20)
    • Is not the ritual of what you do (like washing hands)
    • But bad thoughts (such as covetousness or lust)

The Canaanite Woman’s Faith

  • Canaanite woman: ‘Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David; my daughter is tormented by a demon.’ (22)
    • Jesus initially doesn’t answer …
  • Disciples: ‘Send her away, for she keeps shouting after us.’ (23)

He answered, ‘I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.’ But she came and knelt before him, saying, ‘Lord, help me.’ He answered, ‘It is not fair to take the children’s food and throw it to the dogs.’ She said, ‘Yes, Lord, yet even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters’ table.’ Then Jesus answered her, ‘Woman, great is your faith! Let it be done for you as you wish.’ And her daughter was healed instantly.

Matthew 15:24b-28: NRSVA

Jesus Cures Many People

  • Lame
  • Maimed
  • Blind
  • Mute
  • … many others.
    • He cured them … and they praised ‘the God of Israel’

Feeding the Four Thousand

Jesus asked them, ‘How many loaves have you?’ They said, ‘Seven, and a few small fish.’ Then ordering the crowd to sit down on the ground, he took the seven loaves and the fish; and after giving thanks he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 

Matthew 15:34-46; NRSVA

Jesus said to them, ‘They need not go away; you give them something to eat.’ 17 They replied, ‘We have nothing here but five loaves and two fish.’ 18 And he said, ‘Bring them here to me.’ 19 Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass. Taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven, and blessed and broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 20 And all ate and were filled; and they took up what was left over of the broken pieces, twelve baskets full.

Matthew 14:16-20; NRSVA

Matthew 16

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 16. Happy reading …

 Matthew 14 / Matthew 15 / Matthew 16

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3R: Matthew – Chapter 14

Matthew 13 / Matthew 14 / Matthew 15

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth

Matthew 14

The Death of John the Baptist

  • Herod thinks that Jesus might be: John the baptist ‘raised from the dead’ (2) – ‘for this reason these powers are at work in him
    • Because of her mother (…) Herodias had asked for John’s head on a platter

Feeding the Five Thousand

  • Jesus goes to a deserted place – but the crowds follow him
    • He has ‘compassion’ on the crowd and heals the sick
  • After Jesus again looks for a deserted place to rest (15)
    • But the disciples are concerned that the crowds are hungry
      • … and have nothing but five loaves and two fishes ….

And he said, ‘Bring them here to me.’ Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass. Taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven, and blessed and broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. And all ate and were filled; and they took up what was left over of the broken pieces, twelve baskets full. And those who ate were about five thousand men, besides women and children.

Matthew 14:18-21; NRSVA

Jesus Walks on the Water

  • ‘Immediately he made the disciples get into the boat and go on ahead to the other side, while he dismissed the crowds.’
    • Jesus went up the mountain by himself to pray.
      • When evening came, he was there alone,
        • but by this time the boat, battered by the waves, was far from the land,
          • for the wind was against them.
          • And early in the morning he came walking towards them on the lake. But when the disciples saw him walking on the lake, they were terrified, saying, ‘It is a ghost!’ And they cried out in fear. But immediately Jesus spoke to them and said, ‘Take heart, it is I; do not be afraid.’
  • Peter: ‘Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you on the water.’
    • Jesus: ‘Come.’
      • So Peter got out of the boat, started walking on the water, and came towards Jesus.

But when he noticed the strong wind, he became frightened, and beginning to sink, he cried out, ‘Lord, save me!’ Jesus immediately reached out his hand and caught him, saying to him, ‘You of little faith, why did you doubt?’ When they got into the boat, the wind ceased. And those in the boat worshipped him, saying, ‘Truly you are the Son of God.’

Matthew 14:30-33; NRSVA

Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret

  • They travel to Gennesaret
  • Jesus is recognised …
  • … and the crowds come for healing
    • Hoping to even touch the fringe of his cloak
    • … and they were healed

Matthew 15

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 15. Happy reading …

Matthew 13 / Matthew 14 / Matthew 15