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3R: Matthew – Chapter 12

Matthew 11 / Matthew 12 / Matthew 13

‘IRL’ hospital visits and family issues will (hopefully) be over soon and we can start looking back properly. In the meantime I hope your keeping up. (Today’s passage particularly seems to be borrowing/quoting from external sources.)

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father

Matthew 12

Plucking Grain on the Sabbath

At that time Jesus went through the cornfields on the sabbath; his disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck heads of grain and to eat. When the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, ‘Look, your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the sabbath.’ He said to them, ‘Have you not read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? He entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which it was not lawful for him or his companions to eat, but only for the priests. Or have you not read in the law that on the sabbath the priests in the temple break the sabbath and yet are guiltless? I tell you, something greater than the temple is here. But if you had known what this means, “I desire mercy and not sacrifice”, you would not have condemned the guiltless. For the Son of Man is lord of the sabbath.’

Matthew 12:1-8; NRSVA

I desire mercy not sacrifice again. Showing up for the second time in this book/gospel/series …

The Man with a Withered Hand

  • ‘Is it lawful to cure on the sabbath?’
    • ‘Suppose one of you has only one sheep and it falls into a pit on the sabbath; will you not lay hold of it and lift it out?
      • How much more valuable is a human being than a sheep!
        • So it is lawful to do good on the sabbath.’
          • ‘Stretch out your hand.’

God’s Chosen Servant

18 ‘Here is my servant, whom I have chosen,
    my beloved, with whom my soul is well pleased.
I will put my Spirit upon him,
    and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles.
19 He will not wrangle or cry aloud,
    nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets.
20 He will not break a bruised reed
    or quench a smouldering wick
until he brings justice to victory.
21     And in his name the Gentiles will hope.’

Matthew 12:18-21; NRSVA

Here is my servant, whom I uphold,
    my chosen, in whom my soul delights;
I have put my spirit upon him;
    he will bring forth justice to the nations.
He will not cry or lift up his voice,
    or make it heard in the street;
a bruised reed he will not break,
    and a dimly burning wick he will not quench;
    he will faithfully bring forth justice.
He will not grow faint or be crushed
    until he has established justice in the earth;
    and the coastlands wait for his teaching.

Isaiah 42:1-4: NRSVA

Jesus and Beelzebul

  • ‘Can this be the Son of David?’
  • ‘It is only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons, that this fellow casts out the demons.’
    • ‘Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will stand.
    • If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself; how then will his kingdom stand? 
    • If I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your own exorcists cast them out?
    • Therefore they will be your judges.
    • But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come to you.
    • Or how can one enter a strong man’s house and plunder his property, without first tying up the strong man?
    • Then indeed the house can be plundered.
    • Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters.
    • Therefore I tell you, people will be forgiven for every sin and blasphemy, but blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven.
    • Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.

A Tree and Its Fruit

  • A tree is known by it’s fruit – either make them good or bad
  • ‘How can you speak good things, when you are evil.’
    • He calls them a brood of vipers!
    • … and reminds them that the mouth shows what the body is feeling
  • Repeating the metaphor by talking about treasure …
  • Remember the day of judgement is coming:
    • for by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.

The Sign of Jonah

Something tells me that at this point we definitely need to be starting too both look back and refer to other soures … :

Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to him, ‘Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.’ But he answered them, ‘An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. For just as Jonah was for three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so for three days and three nights the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth. The people of Nineveh will rise up at the judgement with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the proclamation of Jonah, and see, something greater than Jonah is here! The queen of the South will rise up at the judgement with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to listen to the wisdom of Solomon, and see, something greater than Solomon is here!

Matthew 12:41-42; NRSVA

The Return of the Unclean Spirit

What is going on here?: If you cast out an unclean spirit it will come back sevenfold? … and how is this connected with the local church?

The True Kindred of Jesus

  • ‘Look, your mother and your brothers are standing outside, wanting to speak to you.’ 
    • ‘Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?’ 
    • ‘Here are my mother and my brothers!
    • For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother.’

Matthew 13

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 13. Happy reading …

Matthew 11 / Matthew 12 / Matthew 13

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