Work in Progress

3R: Matthew – Chapter 13

Matthew 12 / Matthew 13 / Matthew 14

The Story so Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus

Matthew 13

The Parable of the Sower

  • Listen! A sower went out to sow.
    • And as he sowed, some seeds fell on the path,
      • and the birds came and ate them up.
    • Other seeds fell on rocky ground, where they did not have much soil,
      • and they sprang up quickly, since they had no depth of soil.
      • But when the sun rose, they were scorched; and since they had no root, they withered away. 
    • Other seeds fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them. 
    • Other seeds fell on good soil and brought forth grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
  • Let anyone with ears listen!’

The Purpose of the Parables

  • Then the disciples came and asked him, ‘Why do you speak to them in parables?’
    • He answered, ‘To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.
      • For to those who have, more will be given, and they will have an abundance; but from those who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away. 
    • The reason I speak to them in parables is that “seeing they do not perceive, and hearing they do not listen, nor do they understand.” 
    • With them indeed is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah that says:

“You will indeed listen, but never understand and you will indeed look, but never perceive. For this people’s heart has grown dull, and their ears are hard of hearing and they have shut their eyes;
        so that they might not look with their eyes and listen with their ears,
and understand with their heart and turn—  and I would heal them.”

Matthew 13:14b-15; NRSVA

He said, “Go and tell this people:

“‘Be ever hearing, but never understanding;
    be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’
Make the heart of this people calloused;
    make their ears dull
    and close their eyes.
Otherwise they might see with their eyes,
    hear with their ears,
    understand with their hearts,
and turn and be healed.”

Isaiah 6:9-10; NRSVA

Isaiah seems to be coming up a lot at the moment …

  • (16) Blessed are …
    • Eyes = see
    • Earsv=hear

Truly I tell you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, but did not see it, and to hear what you hear, but did not hear it.

Matthew 13:17; NRSVA

The Parable of the Sower Explained

18 ‘Hear then the parable of the sower. 19 When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what is sown in the heart; this is what was sown on the path. 20 As for what was sown on rocky ground, this is the one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; 21 yet such a person has no root, but endures only for a while, and when trouble or persecution arises on account of the word, that person immediately falls away.[c] 22 As for what was sown among thorns, this is the one who hears the word, but the cares of the world and the lure of wealth choke the word, and it yields nothing. 23 But as for what was sown on good soil, this is the one who hears the word and understands it, who indeed bears fruit and yields, in one case a hundredfold, in another sixty, and in another thirty.’

The Parable of Weeds among the Wheat

24 He put before them another parable: ‘The kingdom of heaven may be compared to someone who sowed good seed in his field; 25 but while everybody was asleep, an enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and then went away. 26 So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared as well. 27 And the slaves of the householder came and said to him, “Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? Where, then, did these weeds come from?” 28 He answered, “An enemy has done this.” The slaves said to him, “Then do you want us to go and gather them?” 29 But he replied, “No; for in gathering the weeds you would uproot the wheat along with them. 30 Let both of them grow together until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Collect the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.”’

The Parable of the Mustard Seed

31 He put before them another parable: ‘The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed that someone took and sowed in his field; 32 it is the smallest of all the seeds, but when it has grown it is the greatest of shrubs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its branches.’

The Parable of the Yeast

33 He told them another parable: ‘The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed in with[d] three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.’

The Use of Parables

34 Jesus told the crowds all these things in parables; without a parable he told them nothing. 35 This was to fulfil what had been spoken through the prophet:[e]

‘I will open my mouth to speak in parables;
    I will proclaim what has been hidden from the foundation of the world.’[f]

Jesus Explains the Parable of the Weeds

  • Good seed = Son of Man
  • Field = world
  • Good seed = children of the kingdom
  • Weeds = children of the evil one
    • Enemy who sowed them = the devil;
  • Harvest = end of the age
  • Reapers = angels. 
  • (40) Just as the weeds are collected and burned up with fire, so will it be at the end of the age. 
    • (41) The Son of Man will send his angels,
      • and they will collect out of his kingdom all causes of sin and all evildoers,
    • (42) and they will throw them into the furnace of fire,
      • where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
    • (43) Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father.
      • Let anyone with ears listen!

Three Parables

  • Treasure hidden in a field,
  • A merchant in search of fine pearls
  • A net that was thrown into the sea and caught fish of every kind; 

So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil from the righteous and throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Matthew 13:49-50; NRSVA

Treasures New and Old

‘Have you understood all this?’ They answered, ‘Yes.’ And he said to them, ‘Therefore every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven is like the master of a household who brings out of his treasure what is new and what is old.’ When Jesus had finished these parables, he left that place.

Matthew 13:51-53: NRSVA

The Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth

  • (54) Jesus returned to his home town to teach (in the synagogue)
    • The people are amazed by his preaching prowess (wisdom and deeds of power)
      • … and him, the son of a carpenter
      • Plus what about: Mary, James, Joseph, Simon and Judas…
      • … and his sisters (with us)
        • (56) … and they took offence at him.
  • (57b) Jesus says in return:
    • ‘Prophets are not without honour except in their own country and in their own house.’ 

And he did not do many deeds of power there, because of their unbelief.

Matthew 13:58; NRSVA

Matthew 14

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 14. Happy reading …

Matthew 12 / Matthew 13 / Matthew 14

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