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3R: Matthew – Chapter 15

 Matthew 14 / Matthew 15 / Matthew 16

The Story So Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret

Matthew 15

The Tradition of the Elders

  • Pharisees: ‘Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands before they eat.’ (2)
  • Jesus: ‘And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?  (3)

For God said, “Honour your father and your mother,” and, “Whoever speaks evil of father or mother must surely die.” But you say that whoever tells father or mother, “Whatever support you might have had from me is given to God”, then that person need not honour the father. So, for the sake of your tradition, you make void the word of God.

Matthew 15:4-6; NRSVA

“This people honours me with their lips,
    but their hearts are far from me;
in vain do they worship me,
    teaching human precepts as doctrines.”’

Matthew 15:8-9; NRSVA

The Lord said:
Because these people draw near with their mouths
    and honour me with their lips,
    while their hearts are far from me,
and their worship of me is a human commandment learned by rote;
so I will again do
    amazing things with this people,
    shocking and amazing.
The wisdom of their wise shall perish,
    and the discernment of the discerning shall be hidden.

Ha! You who hide a plan too deep for the Lord,
    whose deeds are in the dark,
    and who say, ‘Who sees us? Who knows us?’
You turn things upside down!
    Shall the potter be regarded as the clay?
Shall the thing made say of its maker,
    ‘He did not make me’;
or the thing formed say of the one who formed it,
    ‘He has no understanding’?

Shall not Lebanon in a very little while
    become a fruitful field,
    and the fruitful field be regarded as a forest?
On that day the deaf shall hear
    the words of a scroll,
and out of their gloom and darkness
    the eyes of the blind shall see.

Isaiah 29:13-18; NRSVA

Things That Defile

  • It is what goes in that defiles, not what comes out (12)
    • Contrary to Jewish teaching?
  • Any work that is not God’s will be uprooted … (13)
  • Those ‘who do not know what is going on'(!?) will both fail … (14)
  • The disciples still don’t get it (15)
  • Inwardly the mouth leads to the sewer, but, outwardly it comes from the heart
    • For out of the heart come evil intentions, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false witness, slander. (19)
  • What defiles a person (20)
    • Is not the ritual of what you do (like washing hands)
    • But bad thoughts (such as covetousness or lust)

The Canaanite Woman’s Faith

  • Canaanite woman: ‘Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David; my daughter is tormented by a demon.’ (22)
    • Jesus initially doesn’t answer …
  • Disciples: ‘Send her away, for she keeps shouting after us.’ (23)

He answered, ‘I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.’ But she came and knelt before him, saying, ‘Lord, help me.’ He answered, ‘It is not fair to take the children’s food and throw it to the dogs.’ She said, ‘Yes, Lord, yet even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters’ table.’ Then Jesus answered her, ‘Woman, great is your faith! Let it be done for you as you wish.’ And her daughter was healed instantly.

Matthew 15:24b-28: NRSVA

Jesus Cures Many People

  • Lame
  • Maimed
  • Blind
  • Mute
  • … many others.
    • He cured them … and they praised ‘the God of Israel’

Feeding the Four Thousand

Jesus asked them, ‘How many loaves have you?’ They said, ‘Seven, and a few small fish.’ Then ordering the crowd to sit down on the ground, he took the seven loaves and the fish; and after giving thanks he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 

Matthew 15:34-46; NRSVA

Jesus said to them, ‘They need not go away; you give them something to eat.’ 17 They replied, ‘We have nothing here but five loaves and two fish.’ 18 And he said, ‘Bring them here to me.’ 19 Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass. Taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven, and blessed and broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 20 And all ate and were filled; and they took up what was left over of the broken pieces, twelve baskets full.

Matthew 14:16-20; NRSVA

Matthew 16

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 16. Happy reading …

 Matthew 14 / Matthew 15 / Matthew 16

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