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3R: Matthew – Chapter 16

 Matthew 15 / Matthew 16 / Matthew 17

The Story So Far

  • Chapter 1
    • The genealogy
    • The birth of Jesus
  • Chapter 2
    • The visit of the wise men
    • The escape to Egypt
    • The massacre of the infants
    • The return from Egypt
  • Chapter 3
    • John the Baptist
    • People are being baptised by John in the river
    • But not all are welcomed by John
    • John: One who is coming is greater than he
    • Jesus baptism …
  • Chapter 4
    • Jesus is tested by the devil in the wilderness
    • Jesus begins his ministry in Galilee
    • Jesus calls the first disciples
    • Jesus ministers to a crowd (and his fame spreads)
  • Chapter 5
    • The Beatitudes
    • Salt and light
    • The law and the prophets
    • Concerning
      • Anger
      • Adultery
      • Divorce
      • Oaths
      • Retaliation
    • Love for enemies
  • Matthew 6
    • Concerning
      • Almsgiving
      • Prayer
        • The Lord’s Prayer
      • Fasting
      • Treasure
    • The sound eye
    • Serving two masters
    • Do not worry
  • Matthew 7
    • Do not judge
    • Profaning the holy
    • Ask, seek, knock
    • The golden rule
    • The narrow gate
    • A tree and its fruit
    • Concerning self-deception
    • Hearers and Doers
  • Chapter 8
    • Jesus cleanses a leper
    • Jesus heals a centurions servant
    • Jesus heals many at Peter’s house
    • Would-be followers of Jesus
    • Jesus stills the storm
    • Jesus heals the Gadarene Demoniacs
  • Chapter 9
    • Jesus heals a paralytic
    • The calling of Matthew
    • The question about fasting
    • A girl restored to life and a woman healed
    • Jesus heals two blind men
    • Jesus heals one who was mute
    • The harvest is great, the laborers few
  • Matthew 10
    • The Twelve Apostles
    • The Mission of the Twelve
    • Coming Persecutions
    • Whom to Fear
    • No Peace but the Sword
    • Rewards
  • Matthew 11
    • Messengers from John the Baptist
    • Jesus praises John the Baptist
    • Woe to unrepentant cities
    • Jesus thanks his Father
  • Matthew 12
    • Plucking grain on the Sabbath
    • The man with a withered hand
    • God’s chosen servant
    • Jesus and Beelzebub
    • A tree and its fruit
    • The sign of Jonah
    • The return of the unclean spirit
    • The true kindred of Jesus
  • Matthew 13
    • The parable of the sower
    • The purpose of parables
    • The parable of the sower explained
    • The parable of the weeds among the wheat
    • The parable of the mustard seed
    • The parable of the yeast
    • The use of parables
    • Jesus explains the parable of the weeds
    • Three parables
    • Treasures new and old
    • The rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
  • Matthew 14
    • The death of John the Baptist
    • Feeding the five thousand
    • Jesus walks on water
    • Jesus heals the sick in Gennesaret
  • Matthew 15
    • The Tradition of the Elders
    • Things that defile
    • The Canaanite woman’s faith
    • Jesus cures many people
    • Feeding the Four Thousand

Matthew 16

The Demand for a Sign

You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times. An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah.’

Matthew 16:3-4b; NRSVA

The ‘sign of Jonah’ again …

The Yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees

  • What is it about the disciples forgetting to bring bread (and fish)
    • Jesus: ‘Watch out, and beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.’ (6)
    • Disciples: ‘It is because we have brought no bread.’
    • Jesus:
      • ‘You of little faith, why are you talking about having no bread?
      • Do you still not perceive?
      • Do you not remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you gathered?
      • Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets you gathered?
        • How could you fail to perceive that I was not speaking about bread?
          • Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!’ 

Peter’s Declaration about Jesus

Jesus: ‘Who do people say that the Son of Man is?’ (13)

Disciples: ‘Some say John the Baptist, but others Elijah, and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.’ (14)

Jesus: ‘But who do you say that I am?’ (15)

Simon Peter: ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ (16) 

Jesus : …

‘Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.’ 20 Then he sternly ordered the disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.

Matthew 16:17-19; NRSVA

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection

From that time on, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and undergo great suffering at the hands of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, saying, ‘God forbid it, Lord! This must never happen to you.’ But he turned and said to Peter, ‘Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling-block to me; for you are setting your mind not on divine things but on human things.’

Matthew 16:21-23: NRSVA

The Cross and Self-Denial

  • Jesus:
    • ‘If any want to become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me.
      • For those who want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake will find it.
      • For what will it profit them if they gain the whole world but forfeit their life?
        • Or what will they give in return for their life?
    • ‘For the Son of Man is to come with his angels in the glory of his Father,
      • and then he will repay everyone for what has been done.
    • Truly I tell you, there are some standing here who will not taste death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.’

Some will not taste death before…? Really?

Matthew 17

The prep for tomorrow is Matthew 17. Happy reading …

Matthew 15 / Matthew 16 / Matthew 17

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